Ulfborg-Vemb Touristbureau
Ulfborg-Vemb Touristbureau
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The inlet Nissum Fjord

The inlet Nissum Fjord covers an area of 70 sq km or 7 000 ha. It is situated behind a sheltering tongue of land 13 km long. It is some 1200 m wide, but in places it narrows and measures only 200 m in width. Since 1870 the water level and the concentration of salt in the water have been regulated by a lock in Thorsminde, which renews the water in the inlet. Fresh water is led into the inlet from the streams Storåen, Ramme Å, Damhus Å and Flynder Å, and in this way the water in the inlet remains brackish – a cross between fresh water and seawater. The entire inlet and some of the surrounding areas are designated as a game preserve, and the shallow water, which is encircled by reed and meadows, is the setting of an amazingly rich and varied birdlife.

Migrating birds
As the inlet on the west coast constitutes a stop on the migrant birds' flight from their arctic breeding-grounds to their winter habitats in Southern and Western Europe, it attracts a large number of birds in need of a rest. The inlet does not merely function as a ‘lay-by’; for many birds it is also an important breeding-ground.

International acclaim
As the inlet Nissum Fjord ensures a large population of birds - geese, ducks and wading birds, in particular – on an international scale, the inlet has been registered among the 200 most important habitats for water birds in Europe, North Africa and Asia Minor by the International Waterfowl Research Bureau in 1962. Furthermore, Denmark's accept of the convention ‘Ramsarkonventionen’ obligates Denmark, the County of Ringkøbing to be precise, to take good care of the inlet Nissum Fjord and its wetlands.

The birds are of primary importance
The inlet Nissum Fjord is designated as a game preserve to protect both resting and breeding water birds, and part of the marshy landscape around the inlet is preserved to protect the birds' habitats. Consequently, hunters and visitors are subject to regulations regarding limited access to the area.

Explore the region
A trip to some of the small unspoiled harbours around the inlet Nissum Fjord is a must. The anglers in Nr. Fjand, Nørhede Vest and Felsted Kog go sailing on the inlet in their dinghies, and they keep their fishing-tackle, nets, etc, in small sheds along the waterside. Regardless of the season the area around the inlet Nissum Fjord is a cornucopia of natural delights. Bring your binoculars and prepare for an unforgettable bird watching adventure.

The inlet Bøvling Fjord and the tongue of dune Klittangen
In spring and autumn ducks, particularly widgeons, mallards and teals, rest in the north end of the inlet Bøvling Fjord. This area is preserved. It forms part of the shallow end of the inlet Nissum Fjord, and when the tide is on the ebb, large areas are drained. The inlet Bøvling Fjord and the moist meadows on the tongue of the dune Klittangen along the road attract flocks of birds all year round, but especially in spring, during the migration of large flocks of geese headed for their breeding-grounds on Svalbard, you can see thousands of web-footed birds and wading birds resting in the area. Brent geese, greylag geese and barnacle geese are frequent visitors, for instance.

Wading birds like the bar-tailed godwits, the dunlins, the sandpipers and the golden plovers prefer resting in shallow waters and on stretches of tidal meadow. During the breeding-season you can watch the large number of wading birds on the tidal meadows from the road between Thorsminde and Bøvling Fjord.

The island Fjandø
The island Fjandø covers an area of 40 ha. The uninhabited island is situated in the south-west end of the inland Nissum Fjord. During the summer months flocks of sheep graze in the moorland landscape, and this creates the perfect resting place or breeding-ground for wading birds and water birds. The island Fjandø is designated as a bird sanctuary, and from 1 April to 1 August visitors are not allowed on the island or around the island. Regulations prescribe a minimum distance of 100 m.

The bird sanctuary Felsted Kog
Felsted Kog is designated as a bird sanctuary, and it is home to numerous wading birds hiding in the vast forest of reed during the breeding-season. Felsted Kog is now owned by the State. In the last part of the 19th century, an attempt was made to drain the inlet Nissum Fjord. The attempt was unsuccessful except at Felsted. After this, Felsted was named Felsted Kog; ‘kog’ signifying ‘reclaimed ground’. When a dike 13 km long was constructed, an area of about 1 400 ha was drained, but it soon turned out that the ground was not suitable for growing crops. Furthermore, there were too many and too frequent breaches of the dike caused by violent storms so the project was abandoned in 1885.

A forest of reed
In the north and east end of the inlet Bøvling Fjord, at Indfjoden and at Felsted, there are vast areas covered with reed, and every year the reed is cut and dried for use as thatch, which is sold by auction. As the vast forest of reed is the perfect breeding-ground for many birds, the reed is usually cut before the breeding-season while it is still ice-covered. The reed cutters have agreed to leave certain areas of reed untouched to protect the most important breeding-grounds around areas of still water, etc.

On the tourist information offices in Ulfborg-Vemb you can inquire about booklets in Danish and German offering tour suggestions and information about regulations laid down for people visiting the inlet and its surroundings.